STAMP PHILATELY
Great Britain - King Edward VIII - Accession Issue (1936)
shahirasul
209
21-March-2014 09:03:17 PM
26-March-2014 12:21:46 AM
GENERAL INFORMATION
Country
United Kingdom
Type
Stamp (Complete Set)
Class
Definitive / Regular Issues
Front Inscription
POSTAGE
Designer
Hubert J. Brown
Printer
Harrison & Sons Limited
Gum
Gum
Dimension
21 × 24 mm
Perforation Gauge
15 x 14
Perforation Type
Normal Perforations
IN COLLECTION CONDITION
Preliminary
Normal
Condition
Mint Never Hinged - Very Fine
CATALOG INFORMATION
457
Gibbons Stamp Catalogue Commonwealth & British Empire Stamps (1840-1952)
458
Gibbons Stamp Catalogue Commonwealth & British Empire Stamps (1840-1952)
459
Gibbons Stamp Catalogue Commonwealth & British Empire Stamps (1840-1952)
460
Gibbons Stamp Catalogue Commonwealth & British Empire Stamps (1840-1952)
Great Britain - King Edward VIII - Accession Issue (1936)
20 January - 20 December 1936.

Original photo by Huge Cecil.
 
½ d 01/09/1936 Green
1 d 14/09/1936 Scarlet
1½ d 01/09/1936 Red-brown
2½ d 01/09/1936 Bright-blue

Spotted some browning, unsure.

DEFINITIVE

Following the death of George V on 20 January 1936, questions quickly arose as to postage stamps bearing the head of Edward VIII. It was decided within the Post Office that there would be three possible issues.

The first, with values to 1s, would be a temporary "Accession" issue to be produced as soon as possible. This would be replaced by a special "Coronation" issue. On the withdrawal of these commemoratives the first denominations of a "Permanent" series would be released.

It was agreed very early on that there would be no invitation to artists to submit designs. In January and February, A.S. Willmot, Chief of the Engineering Department GPO Drawing Office, was asked to produce a number of designs. These rough drawings were sent to Harrisons the printers, who produced stamp-sized bromides of them.

Work concentrated on a portrait of Edward in the uniform of Colonel-in-Chief of the Seaforth Highlanders. However, these essays were rejected.

With the adoption of photogravure it was possible to produce a portrait more successfully; with this process specifically in mind, the first essential was an acceptable photographic portrait of the King. Profile pictures by Hugh Cecil were specifically taken for the stamp issue in March.


Photo taken by Hugh Cecil.



H.J. Brown, then only 17, submitted an unsolicited pencil drawing in April 1936. The only graphic decorations on the stamp were the crown, the denomination in the upper corners, and the word "POSTAGE" at the bottom. Brown's project, the simplest of all submissions, placed the words "POSTAGE" and "REVENUE" on the lateral sides. The Post Office wrote to Mr Brown telling him that his proposed design could not be used. After the stamp came out, clearly using Brown's design, Brown's father issued a statement regretting the Post Office's deceit.

Harrisons prepared four different essays based on the Brown design with the Cecil head. Three versions were submitted to the King on 26 June and he approved that one favoured by the Post Office – type 3 but with the improved crown.

Watermarked with a crown and "E8R", the stamps were issued on 1 September 1936 for the halfpenny green, the threehalfpence brown and the twopence halfpenny blue, and on 14 September for the one penny red.

OVERPRINTS & SURCHARGES

The four or part of the four stamps were overprinted to be used in the British post offices in Morocco. For Tangier, the name of the town was onverprinted alone. "MORROCO AGENCIES" was overprinted with a new face value in French centimes or Spanish céntimos depending the zone of the post office.

1. For use In the International Zone, Overprinted TANGIER and using British currency - 2 pieces.

2. Overprinted MOROCCO AGENCIES using British currency - 2 pieces.

3. Overprinted MOROCCO AGENCIES and surcharged in Spanish currency - 4 pieces.

4. Overprinted MOROCCO AGENCIES and surcharged in French currency - 3 pieces.
 
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