STAMP PHILATELY
British North Borneo - ½ Cent (1886)
shahirasul
508
15-July-2013 06:40:58 PM
30-June-2015 02:59:53 AM
GENERAL INFORMATION
Country
North Borneo
Type
Stamp (Single)
Class
Definitive / Regular Issues
Front Inscription
BRITISH NORTH BORNEO
POSTAGE
½ CENT
تڠه سين
洋元半分
Face Value
½ ¢
Issued Date
1886
Designer
T. MacDonald
Printer
Blades, East and Blades, London
Printing Method
Lithography
Gum
Gum
Perforation Gauge
14
Perforation Type
Normal Perforations
IN COLLECTION CONDITION
Preliminary
Normal
Condition
Mint Never Hinged - Extra Fine
CATALOG INFORMATION
SG21B
Gibbons Stamp Catalogue Commonwealth & British Empire Stamps (1840-1952)
25
Scott Standard Postage Stamp Catalog
24
Standard Stamp Catalog of Malaysia, Singapore & Brunei
British North Borneo - ½ Cent (1886)

BRITISH NORTH BORNEO
POSTAGE

½ CENT
تڠه سين

洋元半分

The spelling in Jawi reads: 'Tengah Sen' which in modern Malay should be read as 'Setengah Sen'

Color: Magenta
Unwatermarked
Perforations: 14

British North Borneo

James Brooke, appointed Consul-General to the Sultan of Sulu in 1849, signed a treaty of friendship in 1849 leading to trade and eventually to the formation in 1882 of the British North Borneo Company. The settlements were made a British Protectorate in 1888 and Labuan attached to it in 1890-1906. After Japanese occupation (January 1942 - 10 June 1945) and British military administration, North Borneo had colonial status restored on 15 July 1946. On 16 September 1963 it became part of the Federation of Malaysia and changed its name to Sabah.

Postal Service

From 1882 channelled mail either through Labuan or Singapore using stamps of Straits Settlements in combination with local stamps. North Borneo joined the UPU in February 1891.

Initially, mail from North Borneo was sent via Labuan or Singapore, using postage stamps of the Straits Settlements. The company issued its own stamps in 1883, using a design incorporating the coat of arms (a dhow and a lion), inscribed "NORTH BORNEO", and with the value written in English, Jawi, and Chinese. Initial values included 2c, 4c, and 8c, followed by large 50c and $1 stamps of a more elaborate design with the arms flanked by two natives.

In 1886 ½c, 1c, and 10c values were added, and there was a demand for 3c and 5c stamps, resolved by overprinting existing types. At the same time, the printers (Blades, East, and Blades of London) produced a new design, largely the same but inscribed "BRITISH NORTH BORNEO", and joined by 25c and $2 values, also with elaborate frames. The stamps were redesigned again in 1888, to say "POSTAGE & REVENUE" instead of just "POSTAGE", at which time the 25c to $2 values also received minor changes. These were followed up in 1889 by even larger and more elaborate $5 and $10 stamps.

Shortages in 1890, 1891, and 1892 necessitated more surcharges.

In 1894, the protectorate issued a new definitive series engraved by Waterlow and Sons, comprising nine pictorials featuring natives plants, animals, and scenes, and inscribed "STATE OF NORTH BORNEO".
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