STAMP PHILATELY
Malaya BMA - 50¢ Postal Cover to England (1947)
shahirasul
145
14-July-2013 05:29:19 PM
14-July-2013 06:30:05 PM
GENERAL INFORMATION
State
British Military Administration
Country
Malaya
Type
Stamp (Single)
Class
Definitive / Regular Issues
Front Inscription
MALAYA STRAITS SETTLEMENTS 50c
Overprint
BMA MALAYA
Face Value
50 ¢
Issued Date
20/10/1945
Postmark
09/1947
Postmark Town
Singapore
Printer
De La Rue & Co, Limited (UK)
IN COLLECTION CONDITION
Preliminary
Normal
CATALOG INFORMATION
267
Scott Standard Postage Stamp Catalog
14
Standard Stamp Catalog of Malaysia, Singapore & Brunei
Malaya BMA - 50¢ Postal Cover to England (1947)
Stamp

King George VI facing right.

Value: 50 cents (¢)

Color: Black/emerald with red overprinted BMA MALAYA

MALAYA
STRAITS
SETTLEMENTS
50c

Stamp dimension: 20 x 24 mm

Postmark

The date is too faint to read, except for month and year.

Circle Date Stamp (CDS):

SINGAPORE
??SEP47
F

Cover

Flash label

BY AIR MAIL
PAR AVION

With typewriter:

AIR MAIL
========

Address was typed using typewriter:

Messrs. Salon (Nelson) Ltd.,
Hollin Bank,
Nelson, Lancs.,
England.

Pre-printed sender's address on top-left side of the cover

???
???


Evelyn Astrova
117 KILLINEY ROAD,
SINGAPORE

Cover dimension: 135 x 108 mm.

Opened on top and right side.



Malaya - British Military Administration (12 September 1945 until 1 April 1946)

The British Military Administration (BMA) was the interim administrator of British Malaya between the end of World War II and the establishment of the Malayan Union in 1946. Specifically, the entity lasted from September 1945 to April 1946. The Federated Malay States, the Unfederated Malay States as well as the Straits Settlement including Singapore were placed under temporary British military rule.

In September 1945, after the Japanese had surrendered, and the British returned to Malaya, all Japanese issued stamps were invalidated. The free post period of one month enabled the British Military Administration to restart the postal service before the arrival of the BMA stamps.

By Proclamation No. 1 (1945), the Supreme Allied Commander of Southeast Asia established the British Military Administration which assumed full judicial, legislative, executive and administrative powers and responsibilities and conclusive jurisdiction over all persons and property throughout such areas of Malaya. The Proclamation also declared that all laws and customs existing immediately prior to the Japanese Occupation would be respected, except that such of the existing law as the Chief Civil Affairs Officer considered practicable to administer during the period of military administration. Otherwise, all proclamations and legislative enactments of whatever kind issued by or under the authority of the Japanese Military Administration ceased to have effect.

Lord Louis Mountbatten became the director of the administration in September 1945. Major-General Ralph Hone was given the post of Chief Civil Affairs Officer responsible for the Peninsula. Other professional soldiers and former European civil servants who had joined the army during the war comprised the government as well.

During the same time, Singapore became the headquarters of the British Governor General in Southeast Asia.

On April 1 1946, the BMA was dissolved and was replaced with a confederation named Malayan Union. Singapore however was separated from the confederation by the British and made a crown colony by its own right.

Region Administration

For the purpose of streamlining the administration, postwar Malaya was divided into 9 regions with Perlis-Kedah, Negeri Sembilan-Melaka, and the other states as regions in their own right. The regions were controlled by a Senior Civil Affairs Officer (ranked either Colonel or Lieutenant-Colonel). Earlier, the planning for civil affairs in the Malayan Peninsula was done by the Deputy Chief Civil Affairs Officer, Brigadier H. C. Willan. The Federal Secretariat in Kuala Lumpur hosted the Civil Affairs Headquarters. In October 1945 this office was merged with the office of the Chief Civil Affairs Officer.

Given the military nature of the administration, the official power of some of the pre-war civilian governments' entities were suspended, including the rights of the Malay rulers. Civil Affairs Officers also acted in the capacity of District Officers. Colonel J. G. Adams was selected as the President of the Superior Court in 1945.

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