COIN
Almohad Caliphate - One Dirham
shahirasul
205
09-May-2013 11:03:57 PM
12-February-2014 07:38:06 PM
GENERAL INFORMATION
Country
Spain
Denomination
1 Dirham
Coin Type
Circulation Coin
Punch / Orientation
↑↑ Medal
Front Legend
لا اله الا الله / الامر كله لله / لا قوة الا بالله
Back Legend
الله ربنا / محمد رسولنا / المهدي امامنا
Composition
Silver
Coin Edge
Plain / Smooth
Coin Shape
Square
Weight
1.5 g
IN COLLECTION CONDITION
Preliminary
Normal
Condition
Fine
Almohad Caliphate - One Dirham
Almohad North African Dynasty - ONE DIRHAM

There was no date recorded on any coin struck under any ruler, but known to be strucked circa 685 and 706AH / 1286 and 1307AD.

Uncertain mint, due to inability to read the mint on the bottom-left of the obverse side. PROBABLY Mursia.

Measuring: 14 mm on top, and 15mm on the other three sides.

Obverse

لا اله الا الله
 الامر كله لله
 لا قوة الا بالله

Arab legend within two plain squares,

There is No lord Except Allah
The command is all Allah
There is no power except through Allah

Reverse

الله ربنا
محمد رسولنا
المهدي امامنا 

Arab legend within two plain squares,

Allah is our Lord
Muhammad is our Messenger
al-Mahdi is our Imam

Almohad Caliphate

The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i.e., "the monotheists" or "the Unitarians"), was a Berber, Muslim dynasty that was founded in the 12th century, which conquered all of northern Africa as far as Libya, together with Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia).

Between 1130 and his death in 1163, Abd al-Mu'min al-Kumi, the only one Berber from Nedroma among the Masmudas and other berber tribes of modern Morocco army, defeated the ruling Almoravids and extended his power over all northern Africa as far as Libya, becoming Emir of Marrakesh in 1149.

Al-Andalus, Moorish Iberia, followed the fate of Africa, and in 1170 the Almohads transferred their capital to Seville. However, by 1212 Muhammad III, "al-Nasir" (1199–1214) was defeated by an alliance of the four Christian princes of Castile, Aragón, Navarre and Portugal, at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in the Sierra Morena. The battle destroyed Almohad dominance. Nearly all of the Moorish dominions in Iberia were lost soon after, with the great Moorish cities of Córdoba and Seville falling to the Christians in 1236 and 1248 respectively.

The Almohads continued to rule in Africa until the piecemeal loss of territory through the revolt of tribes and districts enabled their most effective enemies, the Marinids in 1215. The last representative of the line, Idris II, "El Wathiq"' was reduced to the possession of Marrakesh, where he was murdered by a slave in 1269.
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