COIN
Spanish 2 Reales (1812)
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06-September-2012 11:42:56 AM
12-February-2014 07:14:17 PM
GENERAL INFORMATION
Country
Spain
Denomination
2 Reales
Minted Date/Year
1812 CE
Coin Type
Circulation Coin
Punch / Orientation
↑↑ Medal
Front Legend
FERDIN • VII • DEI • GRATIA
Back Legend
HISPANIARUM • REX | R 2 C CI | 1812
Head of State
Ferdinand VII
Mint
Cádiz
Composition
Silver
Coin Edge
Milled/Reeded - Vertical
Coin Shape
Round - Circular
Diameter
26.5 mm
Weight
6 g
IN COLLECTION CONDITION
Preliminary
Normal
Condition
Very Fine
CATALOG INFORMATION
KM#460.1
Standard Catalog of World Coins 19th Century Edition 1801-1900
Spanish 2 Reales (1812)
Ferdinand VII
 
Ferdinand VII was the son of Carlos IV and Maria Luisa de Parma.
Born in Madrid Oct 12th, 1785. He was the King of Spain from 1808 to 1833.
 
Spanish Real
 
The real (meaning: "royal", plural: reales) was a unit of currency in Spain for several centuries after the mid-14th century, but changed in value relative to other units introduced. In 1864, the real was replaced by a new Spanish escudo, then by the peseta in 1868, when a real came to mean a quarter of a peseta.
 
The first real was introduced by King Pedro I of Castile in the mid 1300's at a value of 3 maravedíes. This rate of exchange increased until 1497, when the real, now issued in billon, was fixed at a value of 34 maravedíes. The famous "piece of eight" (peso de a ocho), also known as the Spanish dollar, was issued that same year as a trade coin. It later became widespread in America and Asia. In 1566, the gold escudo was introduced, worth 16 silver reales. The "piece of eight" was so-called because the denomination was divided into eight silver reales (8 reales = 1 silver peso). In addition to the "piece of eight," which was a one-ounce silver coin, other coins based on it were issued: 4 reales, 2 reales, 1 real and the little (half-inch diameter) half real.
 
Information
 
2 reales were known to be minted in Cádiz between 1810 and 1812 but no information about number of mintage.
 
Obverse
Bust laureate right.
 
FERDIN • VII • DEI • GRATIA
Ferdinand II by the Grace of God
 
Reverse
Crowned arms of Castille and Leon.
 
HISPANIARUM • REX
King of the Spains
 
0.8120 Silver (Lower in fineness than contemporary Latin American issues)
 
Official weight: 6.7700 g
Mintmark: Crowned C (Cádiz)
Assayer Initials: CI
 
 
Standard Catalog of World Coins 19th Century Edition 1801-1900, 6th Edition (2009)
Page 1099
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