COIN
Straits Settlement 20 Cents 1900
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1,230
09-August-2012 07:05:11 PM
12-February-2014 07:13:50 PM
GENERAL INFORMATION
Country
Straits Settlements
Denomination
20 Cents
Minted Date/Year
1900 CE
Coin Type
Circulation Coin
Punch / Orientation
↑↓ Coin
Front Legend
• STRAITS SETTLEMENTS • TWENTY CENTS 1900
Back Legend
QUEEN VICTORIA
Head of State
Queen Victoria
Mint
Bombay
Composition
.800 Fine Silver
Coin Edge
Milled/Reeded - Vertical
Coin Shape
Round - Circular
Diameter
23 mm
Weight
5.43 g
IN COLLECTION CONDITION
Preliminary
Normal
Condition
Very Fine
CATALOG INFORMATION
KM#12
Standard Catalog of World Coins 1801 - 1900
Straits Settlement 20 Cents 1900
Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India.

Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and the King died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died without surviving legitimate issue. The United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the Sovereign held relatively few direct political powers. Privately, she attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments. Publicly, she became a national icon, and was identified with strict standards of personal morality.

She married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in 1840. Their nine children and 26 of their 34 grandchildren who survived childhood married into royal and noble families across the continent, tying them together and earning her the nickname "the grandmother of Europe". After Albert's death in 1861, Victoria plunged into deep mourning and avoided public appearances. As a result of her seclusion, republicanism temporarily gained strength, but in the latter half of her reign, her popularity recovered. HerGolden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration.

Her reign of 63 years and 7 months, which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history, is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. She was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover; her son and successor Edward VII belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the line of his father.

Straits Settlements

The Straits Settlements were a group of British territories located in Southeast Asia.

Originally established in 1826 as part of the territories controlled by the British East India Company, the Straits Settlements came under direct British control as a crown colony on 1 April 1867. The colony was dissolved in 1946 as part of the British reorganisation of its South-East Asian dependencies following the end of the Second World War.

The Straits Settlements consisted of the four individual settlements of Malacca, Dinding, Penang (also known as Prince of Wales Island), Singapore (with Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands). The island of Labuan, off the coast of Borneo, was also incorporated into the colony with effect from 1 January 1907, becoming a separate settlement within it in 1912. With the exception of Singapore, Christmas Island, and the Cocos Islands, these territories now form part of Malaysia.

Straits Settlements Coins

There are three series of Straits Settlements coins issued between 1871 and 1935 with the inscription of "Straits Settlements". These series of coins were issued under the reign of Queen Victoria (1837 -1901), King Edward VII (1901-1910) and King George V (1910-1936).

In brief, the three Settlements of Penang, Malacca and Singapore were amalgamated to form the Straits Settlements in 1826. The capital was Penang until 1836, when it was transferred to Singapore. In 1858, British Government took over the Straits Settlements. During this period, the Straits Settlements was under control of the Government of British India. A new issuance of coins with the inscription of "India Straits" was released in 1862.

In 1867, the Straits Settlements were transferred to the Imperial Government in London and on the same year the Straits Settlements became a Crown Colony. The first series of Straits Settlements coins was then issued in 1871. This series of Queen Victoria Straits Settlements coins was issued in ¼ Cent, ½ Cent, 1 Cent, 5 Cents, 10 Cents, 20 Cents and 50 cents.

¼, ½ and 1 Cent coins were made by copper and bronze depending on their issuance year. 5, 10, 20 and 50 Cents were made by .800 silver. These coins were released from 1871 to 1901.

The Straits Settlements coinage gradually became acceptable legal tender in the neighboring Federated as well as the Unfederated Malay States. The Straits Settlements were dissolved in 1946, while the coinage continued to circulate until demonetized at the end of 1952.



Catalog Information

Standard Catalog of World Coins 1801 - 1900
Page 1120

Mintage
1900 620,000
1900H 300,000
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